Human Trafficking

What Is HTR3?
This framework is the name given to NSPN’s approach on how to recognize, respect, and respond to victims and survivors of human trafficking (sex, labor, DMST, CSEC, and other variants). The framework is meant to complement well-researched, existing curricula while filling gaps that seem to exist in linking reactions and responses to strength-based and trauma-informed practices. Since 2013, National Safe Place Network has received supplemental funding to bring HTR3 to RHY grantees.

What’s Next?
NSPN continues to focus on building the capacity of runaway and homeless youth grantee organizations to recognize, respect, and respond to victims and survivors of human trafficking. They help do this by providing webinars with accompanying tip sheets as well as a focused effort with a specific subset of organizations to create toolkits for best practice operations for RHY programs. If you think you have knowledge or skills to share with other grantees and would like to be considered as an SME, please email National Safe Place Network at [email protected].


  • Recognize the signs of HT, DMST, and CSEC during outreach activities, intakes, and ongoing services to youth.

  • Recognize the need to ensure all staff are trained in appropriate and effective methods for validating the status of a youth regarding trafficking while maintaining safety for the youth, staff, and the program.

  • Recognize the need for education and prevention programming to decrease the risk for RHY.


  • Respect youth victims/survivors by focusing on strengths and opportunities to engage youth in change efforts.

  • Respect the role of other entities (social services, law enforcement, the judicial system, and local coalitions) in addressing the issues at a micro and macro level.

  • Respect the impact the experiences of being trafficked/exploited may have had on the youth and the need for trauma-informed services.


  • Respond to youth needs with evidence-based practices and trauma-informed approaches.

  • Respond rather than react to the nature of the events that lead youth to seek assistance.

  • Respond to the impact of service provision on staff by ensuring strong professional support and development activities.

  • Respond to community prevention and intervention needs by linking RHY programs to resources and human trafficking coalitions and/or rescue and restore efforts.

  • Respond to gaps in services by working with community coalitions to address missing resources. 

For a printable version of this information, please visit:

HTR3 Resource: “Adopting a Trauma Informed Care Model”
Presented by:
Matthew West, LPCC-S, Residential Director/Clinical Supervisor at Daybreak, Inc.
Danielle Kemp, M.Ed., Training Manager, Tumbleweed


  1. To provide participants an overview of risks and behaviors often seen when working with victim-survivors of human trafficking to better prepare staff and volunteers to provide effective services to these youth (and their families whenever appropriate/available for participation).

  2. To provide participants information on utilizing a harm/risk reduction philosophy within a trauma informed care framework while serving victim-survivors of human trafficking.

  3. To provide participants information on how to increase safety of victim-survivors of human trafficking and non-victim-survivors receiving services in the same facility.

Please access this webinar and others on eLearning at:

Human Trafficking for RHY Serving Agencies: A Resource Guide

The Family & Youth Services Bureau and RHYTTAC release “Human Trafficking for Runaway and Homeless Youth Serving Agencies: A Resource Guide.” This tool serves as a comprehensive introduction about the intersection of RHY programs and human trafficking. Click here to learn more and access this resource.